Proven Advice on Dental Surgery Aftercare

What You Should Know About Granulation Tissue After Tooth Extraction image 1A post-extraction wound may be left with granulation tissue. Granulation tissue is composed of a special matrix of cells, including capillaries, red blood cells, and collagen fibres. Red blood cells help the newly formed tissue absorb oxygen, while white blood cells seek out infection.

The granulation tissue stays for a few weeks before the wound matures into scar tissue. The red blood cell count is a good indicator of the wound’s healing progress, as well as the number of mature scar tissue. This article will tell you what you should know about granulation tissue after tooth extraction.


Hypertrophic granulation tissue

There are many symptoms of a traumatic oral injury, and hypertrophic granulation tissue after tooth extraction can be a sign of a bacterial infection. In the pictures, you’ll see red bumpy tissue, often with a “cobblestone” appearance. This type of tissue is highly vascular and may bleed readily with minimal trauma. In addition, it may fill in the wound in small papular patterns. The tissue is actually the primary type of tissue for secondary intention. It contains macrophages, which help clear away debris, and cytokines, which trigger endothelialization and angiogenesis.


Hypotrophic granulation tissue

Normal granulation tissue is composed of an elevated cellular density and contains fibroblasts, macrophages, and newly growing capillaries. It forms at the base of an open wound and incorporates a dense network of blood vessels and new capillaries. It resembles small red lumps and is not prone to bleeding. It provides a foundation for re-epithelialization.


Infections caused by granulation tissue

During the healing process of the tooth extraction, a new growth of fleshy tissue called granulation tissue appears on the surface. This tissue is characterized by red velvety colour, abundant granulocytes and a high number of small blood vessels. It may fill the wound in a papular pattern or bleed easily with minimal trauma. This type of tissue contains white blood cells and macrophages, which are important in the removal of debris and cytokines that stimulate fibroblasts, endothelialization, and angiogenesis. If you are not sure ask your dental surgeon about what you should know about granulation tissue after tooth extraction.


Maturation of granulation tissue

Maturation of granulation tissue after dental extraction is an important process in wound healing. During the early stages of wound healing, the wound edges are not immediately reapproximated, and thus the primary intention is to heal the wound without tissue loss. The primary intention involves a process known as phagocytosis in which a large amount of bacteria and damaged cells are cleared from the wound surface. This process is followed by the development of collagen and epithelization, resulting in a more substantial scar. However, this process is often slow and may be complicated by the presence of infection. In order to encourage granulation tissue formation, daily wound care should be performed.


Symptoms of dry socket

After tooth extraction, you may experience a dry socket. If the tooth extraction blood clot does not form, then this may result in a dry socket. The pain and discomfort should subside within a few days. You can contact your dentist for advice on after tooth extraction pain, if necessary. If the pain is too severe to tolerate, your dentist may prescribe antibiotics. If the infection spreads, he may also prescribe an antibacterial solution. A dry socket can cause several complications, including infection, which can lead to painful infections so contact your tooth extraction clinic.

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